AI News Weekly – Issue #182: AI Can Help Patients—but Only If Doctors Understand It – Oct 8th 2020

Original article was published by on AI News Weekly

In the News

AI Can Help Patients—but Only If Doctors Understand It

Nurse Dina Sarro didn’t know much about artificial intelligence when Duke University Hospital installed machine learning software to raise an alarm when a person was at risk of developing sepsis, a complication of infection that is the number one killer in US hospitals.

wired.com

Sponsor

Use the Orca Security 2020 State of Cloud Security Report to Benchmark Yourself Against Your Peers and Learn the 4 Things You Must Do Now to Avoid a Major Breach

For most orgs, cloud workload security is dependent upon the installation of security agents across all assets. Something that rarely happens, as this report shows. For example, 81% of organizations have at least one neglected internet-facing workload.

orca.security

In The News

Announcing NVIDIA NeMo: Fast Development of Speech and Language Models

NeMo makes it possible for you to quickly compose and train complex, state-of-the-art, neural network architectures with three lines of code.

nvidia.com

Machine Learning Software is Now Doing the Exhausting Task of Counting Craters On Mars

The new AI tool, called an automated fresh impact crater classifier, found it.
The crater classifier is part of a broader JPL effort named COSMIC (Capturing Onboard Summarization to Monitor Image Change).

universetoday.com

Applied use cases

Nvidia pledges to build Britain’s largest supercomputer following $40 billion bid for Arm

Oliver Benn | Getty Images LONDON — U.S. chipmaker Nvidia pledged Monday to build a £40 million ($52 million) supercomputer in Cambridge, England, weeks after announcing it intends to buy British rival Arm for $40 billion.

cnbc.com

GTC 2020: Using AI to help put COVID-19 in the rear-view mirror

NVIDIA Clara combines imaging, radiology, and genomics to help develop healthcare AI applications.
Pre-trained AI models and application-specific frameworks help researchers to find targets, build compounds, and develop responses.

artificialintelligence-news.com

The biggest barrier to humane, ethical AI: Capitalism itself

In a panel discussion for Fast Company’s 2020 Innovation Festival, experts in ethical AI explained what they’re up against in trying to change the way that large companies and institutions think about building and deploying AI.

fastcompany.com

Ethics

Many Top AI Researchers Get Financial Backing From Big Tech

A study finds that 58 percent of faculty at four prominent universities have received grants, fellowships, or other financial support from 14 tech firms.

wired.com

The Whiteness of AI (Research Summary)

We argue that this Whiteness both illuminates particularities of what (Anglophone Western) society hopes for and fears from these machines, and situates these affects within long-standing ideological structures that relate race and technology.

montrealethics.ai

AI Ethics #26: Whiteness of AI, frontiers of fairness, aging in an era of fake news, politics of adversarial machine learning, protect yourself from misinformation, and more …

More about us on: https://montrealethics.ai/about/ If someone has forwarded this to you and you want to get one delivered to you every week, you can subscribe to receive this newsletter by clicking below: Summary of the content this week: In research summaries this week, the whiteness of AI, a…

substack.com

Robotics

These fog-spraying robots kill the coronavirus

And it’s coming to clean the high-touch surfaces of airport terminals, offices, and warehouses, eliminating 99.9999% of bacteria and viruses.
Breezy One is far from the only disinfecting robot on the market, though most of the others now available rely on using ultraviolet light to disinfect,…

fastcompany.com

Collaborative Robots Spot On for Small-to-Medium Manufacturers, But Challenges Remain

Investing in collaborative robots may make the most sense for: Small and medium-sized manufacturers (SMMs) with 50 to 500 employees and a product mix Owners who are looking for a fast payback period on capital investments (e.g., 6 months) Managers who cannot fill shifts, but can redeploy employees…

roboticsbusinessreview.com

The success of Rethink Robotics

See how a Siemens technology enables the development of innovative robotic solutions in industry and service.
Rethink Robotics GmbH was established in October 2018 when the HAHN Group acquired the assets of US-based Rethink Robotics, Inc.

siemens.com

Research

Using reinforcement learning to personalize AI-accelerated MRI scans

Our early experiments with the fastMRI data set show that our models outperform the previous active MRI acquisition state of the art over a broad range of acceleration factors.

facebook.com

HazyResearch / HypHC

Hyperbolic Hierarchical Clustering (HypHC) This code is the official PyTorch implementation of the NeurIPS 2020 paper: From Trees to Continuous Embeddings and Back: Hyperbolic Hierarchical Clustering Ines Chami, Albert Gu, Vaggos Chatziafratis and Christopher Ré Stanford University Paper:…

github.com

New reinforcement learning methods aim to improve AI in gaming and beyond

We discuss reinforcement learning – an AI approach that is especially promising for training naturally behaving game characters with nuanced reactions to human players.

msdn.com


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