Circularity Gap — What is it? How NimaN will resolve it?

Original article can be found here (source): Artificial Intelligence on Medium

Circularity Gap — What is it? How NimaN will resolve it?

Circular Economy

By mid-century, 68% of the world’s entire population will live in urban areas.

Cities are tightly connected to global development, by generating 80% of the world’s GDP, simultaneously producing carbon emissions (about 75% of all pollution processes) and consuming 3⁄4 of global resources.

Moreover, 2⁄3 of global energy is used in cities. And lots of the energy we use comes from burning natural resources, releasing CO2​ into the air.​

To fulfill core societal needs modern cities follow approaches that are based on a linear economic model, leading to excessive waste and unsustainable exploitation of natural resources.

According to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a circular economy could change this.

A circular economy represents a deliverable decoupling of economic growth from unsustainable resource extraction and greenhouse gas emissions.

Aligned with strategies for both social equity and climate mitigation, it aims to grow prosperity, whilst intelligently managing resources with respect for the boundaries of our planet.

For example, the foundation calculated that the circularity in Europe would result in annual savings of $630 billion in raw materials.

Moving society away from the “take-make-waste” tradition of the linear economy, a circular model serves to separate things we want from our economic system — such as equally distributed prosperity and a bright future for the next generations — from those we do not want — like wasteful use of scarce natural resources and adverse effects on our environment and society.

Transitioning to a circular economy is the paradigm shift that could help us achieve the “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society”, called for by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The pathway to a low-carbon future is necessarily circular.

Today the urban world is circular for only 9%.

And cities are essential in leading the transformation with the extremely high social and economic impact on a global scale.

Impact Metrics

Material extraction has fuelled economic progress since the Industrial Revolution, at the same time causing human-made greenhouse gas emissions.

The following figure demonstrates the ​Material Extraction Progress (Mass), ​Financial Value Creation (Value) and ​Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Carbon) from ​1900 to ​2019 and projected to ​2050 i​ n the worst-case scenario.

Over the last four decades, the ​Global Use of Materials​ was almost tripled:

● From 26.7 billion tonnes in 1970 to 92.1 billion tonnes in 2019.

● It is predicted to grow to between 170 and 184 billion tonnes by 2050.

The G​ross World Product​ progressed similarly:

● From just €2,6 Trillion in 1900 to €14,5 trillion in 1970 and €79,4 trillion in 2019.

● It is predicted to triple by 2050 to between €140 and €165 Trillion.

Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions​ reached:

● 51 billion tonnes of CO2​ -equivalent per year in 2019.

● 55 billion tonnes when including emissions from land use.

● They are predicted to reach 60 billion tonnes by 2050, even with all current mitigation ambitions implemented.

This sits in stark contrast to what is needed: achieving zero emissions by 2050 to keep a 1.5 °C world.

Key Objectives to solve the problem

So closing the World’s Circularity Gap is essential, not merely desirable because once we bridge the Emissions Gap, a target limit of 1.5 °C in Annual Average Anomaly of Global Temperature will undoubtedly be achieved.

NimaN’s Solution

As we already know, in an increasingly urban world, cities are playing a leadership role in driving sustainable transitions, and will lead the way on delivering the positive effects of a circular economy — and hence help to close the Circularity Gap.

City-as-a-Service is the solution to advance the circular economy with a clear path to the sustainable, zero-waste, and prosperous city of the future.

City-as-a-Service is the Digital Twin of every city in the EU, that plays the role of a platform to manage all the available resources and to handle all the daily tasks of every resident, city unit and business entity.

  1. Cloud OS

With our Cloud-based OS, which is a single web-browser or mobile app on any of existing operating systems, we aim to bring all the services and software solutions from both private and public sectors together into one-stop-shop constantly available for every resident of the city everywhere at any time.

By consolidating the large but fragmented independent market with eco-friendly and eco-neutral brands, there is the opportunity to create one single alliance that stands for the global warming challenge.

This OS will represent the objective values of all products and services in a single system dedicated to environmentally responsible resource management.

2. Connected Things

Connected Things ​will enable cities to manage and react to information from a connected network of IoT devices served in our Cloud OS with a serverless architecture.

3. Regenerative Resources and Clean Energy

With this part of our solution, we aim to create the cities with ample accessible, sustainable energy that meets the needs of humanity as well as the cities with ample and safe water for consumption, sanitation, industry, and recreation for all people at all times.

All the water and energy supplies are by default extracted from the infinite natural resources, such as sunlight, wind, geothermal heat, and moving water.

Use Cases

Systems in modern cities are mainly shifted from product-based to service-based models, that let the supplier remain the owner of the product. Thus, the use of goods is optimized, and greater services are provided to their residents.

So the way societal needs can be met in a future urban environment is changed.

Housing, Nutrition, Consumables, and Mobility are the four societal needs that are directly linked to material extraction, accounting for over 90% of global resource consumption.

1. Housing-​ as-a-Service

Housing for all residents will be more affordable because any space at home could be used for other purposes, such as working space, storage space, etc. and more comfortable because the vast majority of household tasks are outsourced, for example:

● Laundry is picked up, cleaned, ironed and home-delivered when ready.

● Furniture can be swapped. After being fixed up again, it is put back in the showroom.

Housing-​ as-a-Service

Less need for build-up space and routine home tasks will result in fewer materials needed for construction jobs and household utensils, reducing a huge volume of CO2​ emissions, equal to 2 round trips from Amsterdam to Beijing per person a year.

2. Nutrition​-as-a-Service
Proper quality and enough amount of nutrition are vital for our lives, however, around 12% of our food are wasted every year.

Nutrition-as-a-Service will decrease food waste in every household by at least 50% because first of all, it eliminates the risk of buying more pieces of food than a person really needs and helps not to buy the wrong ones.

Every resident will have a subscription on nutrition services to always get a personalized piece of advice on food and beverages for healthy use with zero waste.


That way groceries are always delivered to every resident in exact amounts to stay on track of a healthy lifestyle, simultaneously producing no waste.

So the CO​2 emissions caused by nutrition production are reduced per person a year in an amount equal to the road trip from Berlin to Madrid.

3. Consumables​-as-a-Service
Consumables such as smartphones, refrigerators, clothes, cleaning stuff, personal care products, etc. fulfill a vast variety of our daily needs.

10% of global resources are spent on consumables.

Every resident will have a subscription on consumables services along with delivery services to get personalized pieces of advice on what to buy and when to buy, once anything requires replacement or any repair services, for example:

● A personal shopper helps to optimize wardrobe usage.

● Always the latest fashion, no misfits anymore.

● Clothing that is out of fashion or out of order is picked up and recycled.

● Delivery is always included.

That way every resident will start using consumables with zero waste, as well as delivery services, will reduce the need to drive personal cars to any certain shop, reducing CO​2, caused by driving.


With zero waste from consumables, every resident will produce less CO2​ emissions every year in an amount equal to 30 km drive as well as reduce water consumption for the production of cotton significantly.

4. Mobility-​ as-a-Service
Around 15% of global resources are used to satisfy our need to transfer from point A to point B.

Every resident will have the subscription on ​Mobility-as-a-Service ​in one single service, that will help to get personalized
support with any request as follows:

● Pay as you go (per kilometer, minute).

● Chooses the type of transport that fits best.

● Crashes, security issues or emergency cases always get an immediate automated reaction.

Mobility-​ as-a-Service

That way the demand for the big number of vehicles decreases and all vehicles become eco-friendly or eco-neutral, reducing CO​2 emissions for their manufacturing and while usage.

Stay tuned for more posts about Smart Cities, Circular Economy and more coming soon.

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Be healthy and keep safe 😉