Original article was published by Bickkysahani on Artificial Intelligence on Medium
History of AI/Machine Learning
In 1950 Alan Turing had an idea:
If a machine could carry on a conversation about what was indistinguishable from a conversation with a human being, then it was responsible to say that machine was “thinking”. This was coined as the “Turing Test”.
Dartmouth Conference 1956: The word “Artificial Intelligence” was coined.
In 1966 a program called ELIZA passed the Turing Test. (But the was just simple language rules, not really “thinking.”
The 1970s “AI Winter” was caused by pessimism about machine learning effectiveness.
The 1990s “Machine Learning,” reorganized as a separate field, started to flourish.
1997s IBM’s Deep Blue beats the world champion at chess.
The 2010s onwards, Machine Learning, becomes integral to many widely used software services.