Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Guidelines for Responsible Stewardship of…

Original article can be found here (source): Artificial Intelligence on Medium

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Guidelines for Responsible Stewardship of Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence

42 Countries signed on to practice ethical development and implementation of Artificial Intelligence

Credit: pinkeyes via Adobe Stock

With the many concerns and growth in use of Artificial Intelligence (AI), there are questions about what efforts are being made to ensure ethical development and use of this technology.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has taken efforts to address these concerns with the creation of the Guidelines for Responsible Stewardship of Trustworthy AI. These guidelines were established to help organizations around the world to consider when developing and implementing AI in an ethical manner.

36 member countries have signed and adopted the guidelines in May 2019

  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
  • United States

Six non-members countries also signed the guidelines

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Peru
  • Romania

Five AI Principles

  • AI should benefit people and the planet by driving inclusive growth, sustainable development and well-being.
  • AI systems should be designed in a way that respects the rule of law, human rights, democratic values and diversity, and they should include appropriate safeguards — for example, enabling human intervention where necessary — to ensure a fair and just society.
  • There should be transparency and responsible disclosure around AI systems to ensure that people understand when they are engaging with them and can challenge outcomes.
  • AI systems must function in a robust, secure and safe way throughout their lifetimes, and potential risks should be continually assessed and managed.
  • Organizations and individuals developing, deploying or operating AI systems should be held accountable for their proper functioning in line with the above principles.

Takeaway

AI is not going away and the race to developing AI that can perform many daily tasks is on. However, there are many issues with AI and how good intentions can go bad. Further, there are concerns about the potential biases associated with AI due to the lack diverse individuals involved in the development, testing, and implementation. Many organizations and governments around the world are still trying to figure out ways to ensure AI is developed and used for the greater good of society. However, the rules and requirements are slow and outdated in a constantly changing environment. Also, the current environment and situation will raise questions as to whether these countries will stick to the guidelines focus on the race to be a dominant player in this field.

The OECD should be commended for developing the guidelines that can help organizations and individuals involved in the AI field play nice. However, these are only guidelines for organizations to consider, not requirements to follow when developing and implementing AI (think: various climate change initiatives). The lack of uniformity and enforcement will continue to be a factor with AI. Hopefully, organizations will consider these guidelines as part of its AI policies and procedures. For the general public, these guidelines will be something to read to gain a better understanding of AI.