Top 10 future AI technologies that will change the world

Original article was published by Syed Bazil Ali on Artificial Intelligence on Medium

In the year 2020, being honest with ourselves, technology is incredibly advanced and we are continuously making strives to push things even further. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology is leading from the front to enable us to develop self-driving cars, Siri, Sophia, and so on, but the question is what can we further expect from AI technology in the future?

1. Speak with the dead

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Yes, you read it right. Soon in the future, you will be able to communicate with loved ones who passed away. If you are confused about how will that works then check out Replika for a trailer . It is a chatbot powered by artificial intelligence that responds like a human on chat and calls both. It can adapt and change emotions and memories according to your personality and talk things that engage you the most. That being said, it’s just a trailer of the invention yet to come but the foundation has been laid already. The concept is to create a bot-based on all the data of the person available including emails, chats, call recordings, audio/video recordings and combine them using AI to create a personality of the dead person. With the touch of machine learning, the bot will respond just the way the original person would have on your text. The next step would be to incorporate this technology with speech recognition software to unlock the possibility of voice calls and further using deepfake on an astounding level to enable video calls even. This concept is captured amazingly in a renowned TV series, Black Mirror: Season 2, Episode 1 so if you have any confusion still regarding the possibility of this technology in near future, watch this episode and check out the Replika application.

2. Blinds will be able to see

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Blind people go through daily life challenges such as reading road signs, identifying products at grocery stores, reading menu cards, identifying people, etc. Current technology has covered up some challenges through apps such as Seeing AI by Microsoft. The app describes the world around you by translating the visual world into an audible experience. This made it possible for blind people to read text including handwritings, to identify people along with their emotions, to be aware of the scene going around them with the ability to perceive colors.

But this won’t stop here! The technology is still in the newborn stage and the major breakthrough is yet to come. That being said, Horus and MyEye are two companies that are working with wearable AI technology for visually impaired people. Similarly, Microsoft is on the task of new software updates and hardware improvements to make complete accessibility possible by creating a device that connects with the brain to create images of the surrounding. For the blind, technology is not a convenience, it is a necessity. Around 300 million people around the world are blind or low vision, the same as the population of the USA and technology has a huge gift coming up their way.

“For me, it’s about taking that far-off dream and building it one step at a time. And I think this is just the beginning” said Saqib Sheikh, Seeing AI app developer in Microsoft.

3. Customize your baby

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If you are expecting a baby, you want a girl or boy? , black hair or blonde? , tall or short? , humorous and fun, or an intelligent bookworm? It may seem a stupid question since we don’t have much control over these decisions but that might not be the case in the future. In the near future technology, this case of “designing” your baby might well be possible with swift advances in scientific knowledge of the human genetic code and our growing ability to alter and modify genes. In the future, we will also be able to treat genetic disorders in embryos by switching defective segments of DNA with healthy DNA, in a surgical procedure known as germline therapy. This was done on animal embryos but is currently illegal on humans. AI will be used to incorporate the genes desired for the baby to design the genotype.

The executive director of The Center for Genetics and Society, Richard Hayes, told CNN

“It is possible that any feature of human that is linked with genes can be modified in near future of technology. There is a tremendous amount of research being carried out right now to associate certain genes with specific features.”

4. Nanobots will flow in your body

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To identify and treat diseases that require direct drug delivery, such as cancer, nanobots are being thoroughly researched. These nanobots are designed specifically for targeted medication therapy and controlled drug release because they directly work on the required cells and do not harm healthy cells in the body.

Currently, 12 types of cancer cells can be detected by DNA nanobots. These bots would bring about a dramatic shift in the medical sector for the benefit of humans with further testing and advancement. In 5 years, these nanobots are expected to become available to a common man. Some other proposals for potential research include collecting human memories and thoughts to create an artificial brain based on AI that lives forever as a normal human. The use of nanobots in medicines will also improve human health, while artificial organs will help overcome donor dependency. In the coming decades, with a swarm of nanobots shielding humans from the within, we will realistically be free from diseases without any adverse effect and get surprisingly extended life expectancy.

5. Predicting Future

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Be it weather uncertainties or ups and downs in the stock market, don’t worry! AI got you covered. But what about taking a leap and predict the future using artificial intelligence. The idea may sound mythical at first but not impossible. The way artificial intelligence works is by collecting a database of years and years and then identifying a pattern between them to predict the future. In similar ways, it is likely for artificial intelligence to predict the scorecard of a sports event, or predict whether you are going to develop a certain medical condition by a certain date, or predicting earthquakes just like we can predict hurricanes (but much sooner), or predict elections and legislation results with a great degree of accuracy in future. The concept starts with collecting data and finding a pattern and implying machine learning to study the impact of the previous predictions made and the reaction of humans to it and how does it change the new prediction. This continuous cycle will be processed by supercomputers to collect and process 200,000 trillion calculations per second and will eventually help AI to find patterns and predict the future accordingly. This is probably the most potential future of artificial intelligence that awaits us.

6. Drone delivering your orders

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This one can probably be the nearest future technology on the list. We are not talking about drones that are piloted by people for fun or used by the military right now for strikes and surveillance. But the drones that are most likely to take over the delivery services options sooner than we think. Anything from pizza to Amazon packages and more, drones will provide quick and efficient service. But to do deliveries, they have to be a little more programmed since the type of service it’s providing can’t afford many mistakes. On paper, drones have a clear advantage in terms of numbers, logistics, and costs but the only concern is to make sure that the deliveries are done methodically and carefully. Amazon is all set to introduce its drone delivery under the label “Prime Air” to deliver packages within 30 minutes of order placement. Sounds crazy I know! We might not only have drones delivering our packages but in future years we might be looking up at the sky and seeing drones flying all over with incredible speeds and accuracy and they potentially could be all run by AI!

7. Clothes giving you superpowers

Think about it like this, what if the clothes you wear looked and felt the same right now but could do more? Your clothes may theoretically be incorporated with different materials or innovations through the advancement of nanotechnology, which allows you to increase your strength, endurance, and more. For instance, what if you wear a shirt that looks like any other regular shirt but can handle impacts and avoid injuries, or can make you heat resistant and burn-proof, or can make you bulletproof or float in water even if you don’t know how to swim. Besides, the use of artificial intelligence in fashion also helps each one of us to find such elusive ideal clothes that complement our preferences of body style and design. Not only are such AI-enabled clothes and outfits personalized to various occasions and weather, but also the theme, body shape, colors, and fashion trends of the customer. The techniques that we can place in clothes are right there and a lot of work going on right now, both in terms of different features and cosmetic appeal. Imagine if you fall from the roof accidentally, but your AI-enabled clothes unfold their feature and transform into a parachute or giving you wings, isn’t that cool? This future technology is certainly going to change the world in so many ways.

8. Mind Reading

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Admit it or not, but we all have at some point in life wanted to have the superpower of reading minds. The good news is that an artificial intelligence device has been developed by scientists that can convert the thoughts of a human into text by monitoring their brain activity. Currently, artificial intelligence can convert thoughts into sentences correctly, at least with a narrow 250-word vocabulary. The technology will get us a step closer to preserving speech to people who have lost their ability to speak in an accident. With future technology, controlling things with our minds and communicating through brain signals will be common. The blend of Electroencephalogram (EEG) with artificial intelligence will allow us to paint or recreate images based simply on our thoughts from memory. This may be a fantasy come true for those with communication disabilities or paralysis. The software has the capacity for crime detection and countering terrorism.

9. Army of robots in war

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Wars have evolved from foot soldiers to horsemen and swords were a choice until guns were invented. Chariots evolved into tanks and soon aircraft and submarine took over battlegrounds. But the change that is now underway will be the most significant in history. It’s time to discuss the robotic takeover of the world’s militaries. Google has begun buying robotic companies positioning itself to dominate the commercial market to become the defense contractor of the next generation. Some of the projects that are under development for the military and should hit the battlefields in near future include unmanned helicopter carrying remotely operated sniper rifle, unmanned vehicles for automated surveillance, assault, and missions, Boston Dynamics’ humanoid robot for search and rescue, and BigDog robot to accompany soldiers into terrain, a joint Aerial Layer Network to link together the entire army of robots to provide maximum coordination on commands. We are heading towards a future of artificial intelligence where a country’s military power will be determined on how to advance its military bots are.

10. Travel the world while sitting at home

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If you like the notion of travel and adventure, but would rather do it from the convenience of your own house, your dream weekend getaway could be virtual reality. This revolutionary way to travel will take you where very few have been before when you ascend Mount Everest or dive deep in the Pacific Ocean all from your home. A lot of work is ongoing regarding VR tourism in which Google Earth VR is leading the list enabling users to teleport virtually anywhere in the world. Add AI to the mix and consumers will view future trips even more dynamically. Future travelers can use VR to visit areas in which they are interested, and they can use AI to help them make decisions during the trip. The combination of AI and VR will bring countless possibilities and will inevitably transform so many experiences that we have to bring them as close to reality as we can ever imagine.

The foundation of the future technologies discussed above is already laid and is under-development as you are reading this so they are not similar to the wrong predictions made in the 1950s about the invention of flying cars and the time machine in 2020. Let’s hope that the future technologies discussed and all the other upcoming technologies make the earth a better place to live for all living beings.