Original article can be found here (source): Artificial Intelligence on Medium


In recent years, technology has been developing at the speed of light. The technology that is considered revolutionary today, could be deemed archaic tomorrow.

With more and more human tasks being automated, it’s crucial to be two steps ahead and start planning for what’s about to happen rather than focus on what’s already happening.

With that said, here’s a glimpse at some technologies designed to become prominent in the upcoming years:

  1. Artificial Intelligence (AI)

In movies and comic books, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been a steady staple for years and now. But with the recent technological advancements, this figment of fiction seems to be closer than ever to reality.

While we have been using AI for a while now, the way we use is still quite limited. For example, AI is currently used to merely filter spam emails or to offer ‘smart’ recommendations by some online service providers.

But the quintessential development in AI that’s developing the future is Machine Learning (ML). ML is a subset of AI and it basically means that the computer “learns” from large volumes of data to make “better” and “smarter” decisions. Those decisions might range from recommending a great film to watch next to which medical procedure to use on a patient. The possibilities are quite endless.

There’s also Deep Learning (DL), deeper subset of ML that enhances the ML design even further. Deep Learning uses Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), whose design is inspired by the complex human brain.

As of today, AI is already a key domain for pushing innovation and is placed to become massive. It has the potential to impact almost every aspect of human lives, from what item to purchase at the grocery store, to what video you watch, to how you commute with another person.

2. Communication Technology

With the increasing use of smartphones and the Internet, the quantity of data being distributed worldwide has never been bigger. The most obvious indication of the accelerated growth of communication technology is the rise of broadband cellular technology. We are on the verge of commercially distributed 5G services, which could easily offer speeds of 1Gbps and can be utilized over a wide range of services on top of cellular services.

The bandwidth rendered by 5G can be used by IoT devices to interact among themselves as well. For example, self-driving vehicles on the road will be capable of communicating with each other, making commuting safer and smarter. This alone should give you an idea of how indispensable 5G can and will become.

5G is ready to be distributed in select countries this year and operators have already showcased materials that can support the technology. It might take a minute before it comes to some less-developed countries, but some telecom corporations have already made advances. Airtel is one of the larger telecom operators directing 5G trials in India, and just last year they carried over the first lab test where they achieved a throughput of more than 3 Gbps with remarkably low latency.

3. Blockchain

As far as we know, blockchain has already been used in connection with cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Traditional currencies have a primary authority that issues them and controls the ledger. This said authority is generally the bank.

With cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, no central authority is needed. Transactions are handled by a large-scale quantity of computers in a large network. A ‘block’ of data contains a record of any transaction that might have occurred. These blocks are ‘chained’ to one another using a group of cryptographic commands and algorithms. Each computer in a network has a copy of the chain. Therefore, even if one of the computers goes offline, the data will not be compromised.

Since every computer has a chain copy, the system is very open. Attacking any particular block would challenge threats or hackers to do the same attack with every other block stored across the chain and the previous blocks, which in theory, is practically impossible. Although blockchain is widely used solely for monetary transactions, there’s no doubt that it can be used across a wide array of fields such as healthcare, governance, online voting, supply chain management, and a whole lot more.

4. Robotics

Robotics is a technology that is already being widely used. As mentioned above, with the rise of AI and 5G technology, it is established to become a field bigger than ever. Based on how it’s already being used, the field of robotics is limited solely by the imagination of the inventors. It embraces a wide variety of domains that go past conventional humanoid models like drones, self-driving cars, et cetera.

The applicability of robotics extends transversely over domestic, commercial, and military domains. It can go from ingenuous bots that vacuum your floors to complex bots that help workers carry heavy materials across factory grounds. There are also drones that can make surveillance in remote areas possible. Robots can also be utilized in dangerous environments where they can minimize risks to human casualties which could make professions such as firefighting or search and rescue much safer than it currently is.

5. Cloud Gaming

The multi-billion-dollar industry of gaming is just getting bigger and bigger. The industry doesn’t show any signs of stopping. In fact, it is steadily evolving to take advantage of newer technologies.

While things like Augmented and Virtual Reality have already won traction, cloud gaming is foreseen to become bigger in the near future.

Cloud gaming makes high-end gaming accessible by eliminating the need of owning expensive and most of the time exclusive high-end gaming hardware.

With the use of cloud gaming, all a consumer would need to own is a joystick and a display. The central processing is executed offsite, in a remote server, allowing gamers to play on virtually any display, as long as they have an input device. They could play on a TV, a PC, or even a smartphone.

At the same time, developers wouldn’t have to worry about being restricted by the constraints of hardware accessible to consumers.

Google is expected to be the first developer to launch a cloud gaming service via Stadia. While the exact details are still confidential, Google’s executives have suggested that users will need Internet speeds of around 30Mbps for gaming 4K at 60fps. This possible with broadband but streaming the same on mobile is still tricky. This is where 5G would become essential. The bandwidth through 5G is more than enough to stream such quality, and the low latency could rule out the possibility of lag. As we’ve mentioned above, although the advent of 5G has not yet reached the global scale, its development is already taking giant strides.

There you go. If you’re looking to pursue your future in tech, these are some of the areas you might want to consider getting a closer look at. Here’s to believing that you are the catalyst to make the next technological breakthrough!