Original article can be found here (source): Artificial Intelligence on Medium
Why you should care if you’re a…
Data scientist / researcher
If you’re like most data scientists, you can’t find it in your heart to love virtual machine (VM) setup and other computing chores. These things take time away from working with your data, which is the part you’re actually passionate about. Sure, you’re discerning enough to want your own special customized setup — just the way you like it — so you’re able to restrain your grumbling the first time through.
Weeks go by. You occasionally install shiny new packages, adjust settings, run scripts, and then one day… boom! You broke it.
Ideally, you’d rewind the clock to your perfect machine exactly as it was last week, but… you can’t remember what you clicked on to get there. Even if you did, starting from scratch would take hours (if you’re lucky).
BEFORE: Restoring last week’s setup meant starting from scratch.
AFTER: Click, click, done. Less time on chores, more time for data.
Machine images to the rescue! A machine image is a single resource that contains all the information — machine type, network tags, labels, etc. — needed to backup, copy, restore, and share an instance (virtual machine).
That means you’re able to save copies of configurations you like so that you can restore old versions of your instance easily. It’s as simple as it sounds. Click, click, done.
Hang on, why not just save copies of the virtual machine itself? Because you’d probably like to save money while you save backups.
Using machine images costs much less than saving multiple copies of a VM.
If you make a copy of your VM, you’ll have doubled the billable disk space. If you create a machine image instead, you’ll only be billed for the difference in disk contents, so even if you picked a flashy beast of a VM, every additional machine image might only cost you a few cents.
Team leader / manager
Imagine you’re a leader with new team members to onboard.
You already have the perfect setup for your team’s needs, but it lives in a nasty doc detailing which scripts each new hire has to run and which buttons they need to click.
Getting new teammates up and running takes forever.
BEFORE: Getting new teammates up and running takes forever.
AFTER: Much faster onboarding and a team that can keep up with the cutting edge.
Duplication of effort doesn’t serve your business well but luckily machine images let skip it. They let you customize once to create a golden image for your team and share it with the whole group. That moves the starting line forward for everyone and speeds up your onboarding.
“A machine image is more than just a save backup. It’s a way to accelerate your whole team.” — Ari Liberman, Product Manager, Google Compute Engine
As a bonus, you’ll want to keep updating the golden image to keep everyone’s configuration on the cutting edge. No more keeping track of which updates your group’s stragglers forgot to make.
Lecturer / TA
Grading that coding homework you gave your students — image recognition in TensorFlow, perhaps?—quickly becomes a nightmare if you have deal with debugging all the different ways your students might have messed up their machine setup. (Dare you trust them with figuring out how to get hold of GPUs, for example?)
Sure, you could tell them to get a ready-made solution on Marketplace Solutions — not a bad idea! — but what if you’re itching to customize that solution? Are you going to waste a week of class time shepherding your 100 students’ teething pains as they try to twiddle the right knobs in the right sequence? Will you give up on a customized starting point?
There’s a better way.
BEFORE: You wasted valuable teaching time on walking your students through pressing the right setup buttons in the right sequence.
AFTER: After you complete your own customization, your students can instantly start (and stay) on the same page.
Start wherever you like (from scratch, from the Marketplace, from the previous prof’s machine image) and customize to your heart’s content, then share the final machine image with your students. Skip the in-class clickfest and rest assured that if their code doesn’t work, it’s not because they forgot to check a firewall settings box in week 1.
As a bonus if you have regrets about your students’ setup by the time midterm exams roll around, it’s easy to replace.
Create a machine image
Option 1 is to create a machine image right from your VM instance in Compute Engine as the first GIF shows.